Document Title: Mental Health, assessment and Intervention at a community level.
Document type: PDF
I am studying towards a Grad Dip in Mental Health Nursing on a very part time basis. It was well received by lecturing staff so I figure it cant be too bad.
I am one of those mature aged graduates who are helping push the average nursing age into the stratosphere. Although as I tell those who have been nursing for more than 4 yrs (my career so far) they are the old nurses not a youngster like me.
I am currently working as a CN at remote hospital in WA sharing my time between the ward and on occasion, read when they are desperate, ED.
Copyright: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
In 1958 Marie Jahoda published the six categories of individual accomplishment that signified “Ideal Mental Health”.
- Self-attitudes: Having high levels of self-esteem, a sense of identity and place in the world, self-reliant.
- Personal growth and self-actualisation: Development as a person, growth motivation rather than need motivation.
- Integration: Balanced resistance, reaction and coping with stressful situations.
- Autonomy: Maintains internal standards, independent individual.
- Having an accurate perception of reality: Free of distortion from needs, empathetic, responsive to needs of others.
- Mastery of environment: The ability to work, to solve problems, be creative, to love and to adjust to new situations.
These categories broadly reflect Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs: Physiological, Safety and Security, Love/ Belonging, Self Esteem and Self Actualisation.
If we take the view that the most basic of needs must be met first then it follows that the problems confronting communities today such as substance abuse, loss of culture and country, poverty and unemployment, homelessness, family breakdown along with abuse (sexual, physical, emotional) and the social stigma attached to mental illness all have the potential to prevent the meeting of these needs.
Consequently if the basics of human needs are not addressed then the attainment of positive or ideal mental health may well not be met either.
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